Учебно-методические материалы по теме "Computing (составитель: Тормошева В. С. учитель англ. яз. средней школы №17 г. Владимира)
I. Match the definition with the correct spelling word.
12. data base
a) information or instructions put into a computer
b) device that prints, especially one operated by a computer
c) the basic unit of information in an electronic computer, equivalent to a choice between two possibilities, such as "yes" or "no"
d) an electronic machine that can store, recall, or process information
e) information put out by or delivered by a computer
f) an extremely large computer network, including many smaller networks of university, government, business, and private computers, linked by telephone lines
g) a movable mark on a computer display screen, indicating the point at which the displayed data may be altered or processed, or at which new data may be inserted
h) system of storing information in a computer on magnetic tape, etc.; storage
i) a small piece of semiconductor material, usually silicon, which holds an integrated circuit
j) the central processing unit of a computer, especially the part of this unit in which data are examined, compared, changed, etc.
II. a) Using the words from the right, answer the Past Perfect questions:
Up to the time the first digital computer was completed in 1944:
1. What had people used to count or calculate?
2. How had letters been written?
3. How had companies stored information?
4. How had information been exchanged?
5. How had office clerks processed information?
6. What hadn’t people had big problems with?
7. What had industrial productions required?
8. What had only a few people considered possible?
9. Who hadn’t had the possibility to correct texts immediately?
10. What hadn’t blue collar workers needed?
b. data protection
c. by mail or phone
d. fingers or mechanical devices
e. the development of "intelligent" machines
f. on mechanical typewriters
g. any computer knowledge
h. far more labour
i. quite slowly
j. on large quantities of paper
b) Check your answers and combine them to make a story "Life Without
III. Make these electronic inventions real.
a) Check your answers and tell the class what you know about them from scientific books, TV programmes, newspapers, etc.
b) All, except one, were invented in 1986. Which one, in your opinion, hadn’t been invented by then? Why not?
1. a laser system/ powered by solar cells;
2. a picture-painting computer/ which will record and play back melodies;
3. a robot/ timed to brush for exactly one minute;
4. a computer/ that can play table tennis;
5. a car/ for curing heart disease without surgery;
6. an electric toothbrush/ which can converse like a human being;
7. a computer watch/ for writing under water;
8. a pen/ which also stores an appointments diary;
9. a "teaching" piano/ using 17 million colour.
IV. Using words from the list, fill in the blanks with the correct answers:
tapes computer(s) information
skill operator(s) instructions
paper printers upperlevel
build machine engineers
design reports responsibility
memory training programmer(s)
1. A computer is a _____ that stores _____ for later use and processes that _____ on demand.
2. A computer worker’s main _____ is to make sure _____ can be processed on the _____ when the customer needs it.
3. Those who _____ and _____ new computers are _____ .
4. Most people working with computers are either _____ or _____ .
5. A computer _____ is the one who actually runs a _____ .
6. The operator is kept busy telling the machine to prepare _____ , changing _____ in the _____ , and new computers are _____ .
7. The computer _____ is the person who tells the _____ how work. 8. Computer programmers take more _____ and need more _____ than computer operators.
9. As an educational minimum, any _____ worker should be an _____ graduate.
10. A programmer must continue to be updated on new _____ and _____ .
V. Listening Test: Listen to the following definitions and make a list of computing terms.
1. An input device that is moved around the desk top to control the position of the cursor on the display screen.
2. A list of things to choose from, shown by a computer to the user.
3. A televisionlike screen to receive information from the computer.
4. A computer program that is designed to replicate itself by copying itself into the other programs stored in a computer (often with a negative effect).
5. A large collection of information, organized and kept and made available by a computer or computers including such items as newspaper stories, airplane schedules, or inventory lists.
6. Information or instructions which a computer keeps together under a single name.
7. The transmission of messages and other information from one computer to another, usually via a network or telephone lines.
8. An object like a phonograph record, made of metal or plastic and with a magnetic surface, used to store information and instructions for computer.
9. The computer’s machinery — the parts you can see and touch, like the monitor and all the electronic devices and circuits inside it.
10. All the facts and the lists of instructions that a computer receives in order to carry out its tasks.
I. 1d, 3h, 5a, 7e, 9j, 11c, 13i, 15f, 17b, 19g II. a) 1d, 2f, 3j, 4c, 5i, 6b, 7h, 8e, 9a, 10g III. a)
1. a laser system for curing heart disease without surgery
2. a picture-painting computer using 17 million colours
3. a robot that can play table tennis
4. a computer which can converse like a human being
5. a car powered by solar cells
6. an electric toothbrush timed to brush for exactly one minute
7. a computer watch which also stores an appointments diary
8. a pen for writing under water
9. a "teaching" piano which will record and play back melodies
1. machine, information, information;
2. responsibility, information, computer;
3. design, build, engineers;
4. operators, programmers;
5. operator, computer;
6. reports, paper, printers, tapes, memory;
7. programmer, computer;
8. training, skill;
9. computer, upperlevel;
1. mouse, 2. menu, 3. monitor, 4. virus, 5. data base, 6. file, 7. e-mail, 8. disk, 9. hardware, 10. software. Literature:
1. B. Baddock, H. Hesserschmidt, U. Ruffin "Trademark"(Max Hueber Verlag, 1996, pp. 21-21, 82).
2. English for Computer Science Teachers ("Информатика" №31, 16-22 августа 2001).
3. Scott, Foresman Advanced Dictionary (Scott, Foresman and Company, Glenview, Illinois, 1997).